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Home>Learn about sanya>Yacheng Town Impression

Yacheng Town Impression

The flowers in the garden were blooming
The tall trees were stretching
You just left the direct of your back
The flavor of the sea breath was still around
That left you alone here to read the solemn of the temple into ballad
To read the massage of the spring into freedom

Sanya was called Zhuya during the Han Dynasty .Its name was changed to Zhenzhou in the Tang Dynasty and Yazhou in the Ming Dynasty. After the Qing Dynasty ,its name was Yaxian county. In 1954, its capital moved from the Yacheng Town to current location, and in 1984 Sanya got its present name and was upgraded to a city, Yacheng stay as a town 40km in the west of Sanya.


Being a famous ancient cultural town, Yacheng is fertile of rice and fish. It has not only beautiful scenery but also rich humane landscape. There is a village called Shuinan is under the jurisdiction of Yacheng Town. Its simple folkway has been influenced by different cultures for a long time. Combined with the local traditional culture of Lizu people, the Shuinan Village is quite unique. With developed spinning and weaving technology, Since the local textile technology was highly developed in the history, Shuinan Village can produce a great variety of textiles.

Being circled by water and hills, the village forms a spectacular view, which looks like a fictitious land of peace. Verdant trees and lush bamboo surround the village. Flowers are blooming and fruits become ripe throughout the year. Betel and coconut are the local specialties. Hence a saying goes:
 "Betel trees are dancing in front of each house,
Coconut trees are erecting in the every backyard."

History & Legend

At the end of Song Dynasty (1250A.D.), a woman named Hangdaopo came here. Her future husband's family brought her up. Because of the unbearable maltreatment, she left her hometown at the age of 8 and wandered about destitute in the world.

At last she came to Shuinan Village, where the textile technology was comparatively developed. The local Lizu people sympathized with her misfortune and took her in. Huangdaopo lived in Shuinan Village for 30 years. In order to make a living, she learned from the local people how to weave and spin, and later she became very experienced.
In 1295A.D. she returned to her hometown - Wunijing Town in Songjing County in Jiangsu Province. She taught the women of her hometown what she had learned from the Lizu people and improved the weaving tool of Lizu people.

Gradually more and more people took up weaving and spinning in the Wunijing Town, which rapidly promoted the development of textile technology and improved the living standard of local people. That's why the textile industry of Shanghai City is so developed.

Because Huangdaopo made great contribution to the development of ancient textile technology in China, Shuinan Village was recorded in the history of Chinese textile industry.

Hainan Provincial Institute of Tropical Agricultural Resources(HITAR) is located in Yacheng Town, Authorized by government of the Autonomous State, it was founded in 1975, originally named as Breeding Team of Three¡ªline Hybrid Rice of Hainan Li & Miao Ethnic Minorities Autonomous State of Guangdong Province. It was renamed as Tropical Rice Institute of Hainan Li & Miao Ethnic Minorities Autonomous State of Guangdong Province in 1976, which was directed by Committee of Science & Technology of the Autonomous State. After Hainan was established as province in 1988 the institute was renamed as Hainan Provincial Institute of Tropical Agricultural Resources, which was directly under the 1eadership of Department of Science and Technology of Hainan Province, In 2002 it is reformed as a stock¡ªshare institution.

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